Orthopedic Conditions

Arthritis is a general term that means inflammation of the joints. Osteoarthritis, (OA) commonly known as wear and tear arthritis, is the most common type of arthritis. Sometimes it is called degenerative joint disease and is associated with a breakdown of cartilage in joints and can occur in almost any joint in the body.


It commonly occurs in the weight-bearing joints of the hips, knees, and spine. It also affects the fingers, thumb, neck, and large toe. Healthy cartilage allows bones to glide over one another and absorbs energy from the shock of physical movement. Read more

Bursitis is inflammation of a bursa. A bursa is a closed, fluid-filled sac that works as a cushion and gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body.


The major bursae (this is the plural of bursa) are located next to the tendons near the large joints, such as in the shoulders, elbows, hips, and knees. Read more

There are four main ligaments in the knee that can become injured. During injury, a knee ligament may be stretched (sprained), or sometimes torn (ruptured). Ligament rupture can be partial (just some of the fibres that make up the ligament are torn) or complete (the ligament is torn through completely).

Knee Ligament Injury

Knee ligament injuries can cause pain, swelling, tenderness, bruising and reduced movement of your knee. Your knee joint may feel unstable and you may walk with a limp. Read more

A Baker’s cyst is also known as a popliteal cyst or synovial cyst. It is a soft, fluid-filled lump that forms on the back of the knee. The lump is sometimes mistaken for a blood clot, but it is not a blood clot.

Baker's Cyst

A Baker’s cyst usually develops because of damage to the knee. When the structures in or around the joint are damaged, the knee produces more fluid.
Read more

A rotator cuff tear is a common cause of pain and disability among adults.

Rotator Cuff Tear

A torn rotator cuff will weaken your shoulder. This means that many daily activities, like combing your hair or getting dressed, may become painful and difficult to do.
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Although the shoulder is the most movable joint in the body, it is also an unstable joint because of its range-of-motion. Because the ball of the upper arm is larger than the socket of the shoulder, it is susceptible to injury.

Shoulder Pain

The shoulder joint must also be supported by soft tissues — muscles, tendons, and ligaments — which are also subject to injury, overuse, and under use. Read more

Carpal tunnel syndrome is when the median nerve is compressed as it passes through the carpal tunnel. The carpal tunnel is an opening in your wrist that is formed by the carpal bones on the bottom of the wrist and the transverse carpal ligament across the top of the wrist.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

The median nerve provides sensory and motor functions to the thumb and 3 middle fingers. If it gets compressed or irritated, you may have symptoms. Read more